provided by companies to customers. Many big deals are made possible through
tender offers. If you also want to know about the tender offer in detail
then read about the information given here.
Tender offers are mainly made at a premium to the market price of the shares of the target company to entice shareholders to sell their shares. The offeror typically aims to acquire a controlling stake in the target company or a significant number of shares to gain influence or control over its operations.
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What is a tender offer?
A tender offer is a public offer made by a company or an
individual (the “offeror”) to purchase a specific number of shares or
other securities from the existing shareholders of a publicly traded company
(the “target company”) at a specified price within a certain
Types of tender offers
Tender offers are a type of transaction in which an entity,
typically a company or an individual, makes an offer to purchase a specific
number of shares or securities from the shareholders of a target company. There
are different types of tender offers, including:
Hostile Tender Offer: This occurs when the acquiring entity
makes an offer directly to the shareholders of the target company without the
approval or cooperation of the target company’s management.
Friendly Tender Offer: In contrast to a hostile tender
offer, a friendly tender offer is made with the support and cooperation of the
target company’s management.
All-Cash Tender Offer: An all-cash tender offer involves the
acquiring entity offering to purchase the target company’s shares or securities
with cash. This type of tender offer provides immediate liquidity to the target
Stock Tender Offer: In a stock tender offer, the acquiring
entity offers its own shares as consideration for the purchase of the target
company’s shares or securities.
Partial Tender Offer: A partial tender offer occurs when the
acquiring entity offers to purchase only a portion of the outstanding shares or
securities of the target company.
The tender offer process
The tender offer process is a mechanism used in corporate
finance to acquire a controlling interest in a publicly traded company. Here’s
a general overview of the tender offer process:
Proposal and Due Diligence: The acquirer determines its
interest in acquiring the target company and conducts thorough due diligence to
assess its financial, legal, and operational aspects. This includes reviewing
contracts, financial statements, documents, and other information.
Offer Announcement: Once the acquirer decides to move
forward, it publicly announces its intention to make a tender offer to the
shareholders of the target company. The announcement typically includes the
offer price, the number of shares sought, the timeframe for shareholders to
respond, and other conditions or requirements.
Tender Offer Document: The acquirer prepares a formal tender
offer document, often referred to as the offer memorandum or the offer
prospectus. This document provides detailed information about the offer,
including the terms, conditions, and procedures for shareholders to tender
Regulatory Approvals: Depending on the jurisdiction and the
size of the transaction, the tender offer may require regulatory approvals from
relevant authorities such as securities commissions or antitrust authorities.
Tender Offer Period: The tender offer remains open for a
specific period, typically ranging from a few weeks to a few months. During
this period, shareholders have the opportunity to tender their shares.
Benefits and risks of participating in a tender offer
Premium price: Tender offers often involve a premium price
above the current market value of the securities being offered. This means that
participating shareholders may receive a higher price for their shares than
they would through regular trading.
Liquidity: Tender offers provide an opportunity for
shareholders to sell their shares and convert them into cash. This can be
particularly beneficial for investors seeking liquidity or wanting to
reallocate their investments.
Expedited exit: Tender offers can provide a quick and
efficient exit strategy for shareholders who wish to sell their holdings. This
can be advantageous in situations where there is uncertainty about the future
prospects of the company or the broader market.
Equal treatment: Tender offers typically treat all
participating shareholders equally, ensuring fairness in the transaction. This
can be appealing to shareholders who want to receive the same terms as other
How to evaluate a tender offer
Review the terms and conditions: Carefully read and
understand the terms and conditions of the tender offer. Pay attention to the
offered price, any conditions or contingencies, the duration of the offer, and
any special provisions.
Assess the price offered: Evaluate whether the offered price
is fair and represents a good value for your shares or assets. Consider factors
such as the current market price, the historical trading range, and any recent
news or developments that could impact the value of the company.
Examine the financial position of the acquirer: Assess the
financial stability and strength of the company making the tender offer. Review
their statements, including their balance sheet, income report, and cash flow
Consider the strategic fit: Evaluate how the tender offer
aligns with your long-term goals and strategic objectives. Assess whether the
acquiring company’s business model, industry expertise, and resources can
complement and enhance the value of your investment.
Evaluate the future prospects: Consider the growth potential
of the combined entity after the acquisition. Analyze factors such as
synergies, cost savings, market opportunities, and potential risks. Assess how the
tender offer can contribute to the future profitability and success of your